He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1979, for his theoretical unification of the two fundamental forces of nature. A year before his Nobel Prize, he was awarded the Royal Medal of the Royal Society of London. He was a Foreign Member of the National Academy of Sciences of USA and also of USSR, a rare ‘double-first’ which demonstrates his important position in the world of Sciences.
He was a Foreign Member of the National Academy of Sciences of USA and also of USSR, a rare ‘double-first’ which demonstrates his important position in the world of Sciences. His association with UN goes back to 1955, when he became Scientific Secretary to the Geneva Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy. He was very active in promoting scientific research in developing countries. Abdus Salam was born on 29 January 1926 in Santokdas in the Sahiwal District but grew up in Jhang. At age 14, Salam scored the highest marks ever recorded for the matriculation examination at the Punjab University. He won a full scholarship to the Government College University of Lahore, Punjab State. As a fourth-year student there, he published his work on Srinivasa Ramanujan’s problems in mathematics, and took his B.A. in Mathematics in 1944. He received his M.A. in Mathematics from the Government College University in 1946. That same year, he was awarded a scholarship to St John’s College, Cambridge, where he completed a BA degree with Double First-Class Honors in Mathematics and Physics in 1949. He obtained a PhD degree in Theoretical Physics from the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge. He served his best to Pakistan and held many key posts like he was the Member of Atomic Energy Commission, Pakistan, Elected President of Pakistan Association for Advancement of Sciences Adviser of Education Commission Pakistan , Member of Scientific Commission Pakistan Chief Scientific Adviser to President of Pakistan, Founder Chairman of Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Committee, Governor from Pakistan to the International Atomic Energy Agency, Member of National Science Council Pakistan, Board member of Pakistan Science Foundation. He was honored with many awards from Pakistan on his illustrious serving, these are; Sitara-e-Pakistan (1959), Pride of Performance Medal and Award (1959), The Order of Nishan-e-Imtiaz (the highest civilian award) (1979). He published around 250 scientific papers on physics of elementary particles. His some particular Scientific contributions are in ; Two-component neutrino theory and the prediction of the inevitable parity violation in weak interaction; symmetry properties of elementary particles, Renormalization of meson theories, Gravity theory and its role in particle physics, Unification of electroweak with strong nuclear forces, Related prediction of proton-decay and Super symmetry theory.